Biodiesel from animal fats
In the past century, the main types of fuel were coal, oil and natural gas. With the onset of the oil crisis in the 1970s. The last century, alternative fuels have been the subject of extensive research and development. Many assumptions have been made regarding the feasibility of using environmentally friendly fuels. Methyl and ethyl alcohols, compressed natural gas, liquefied petroleum and natural gases, vegetable oils, gasoline and diesel fuel were considered as alternative fuels. Of these, only ethyl alcohol, vegetable oils and animal fats are not non-renewable species.
The researchers concluded that vegetable oils and animal fats are a promising alternative fuel for diesel engines.
The main advantages of biofuels are efficiency and environmental friendliness. For the production of biodiesel does not require special equipment, as animal fats can be processed at conventional refineries using traditional diesel technology. In addition, in the production of biofuels do not require various additives, for example — methyl alcohol. In addition, this fuel is the only fuel that meets all the requirements for the protection of atmospheric air and the environment. Biodiesel is non-toxic, and its emissions do not contain carbon dioxide and other harmful substances.
Technical fat of animal origin is a fraction released in the manufacture of meat and bone meal. Animal fat is the raw material for which GOST standards and standardization methods were created. Today, technologists are able to clean the fat and use it in various industries. Depending on the origin and degree of purification, the fat is divided into three categories (1,2,3) and can be used in cosmetology, soap making, for the production of organic lubricants and for other purposes.
The advanced technique is the processing of technical fat into biofuels. This industry today is actively developing in many countries around the world. Adding biodiesel to ordinary fuels is technically acceptable. To use such fuel does not require changes in the design of the engine. Biodiesel car fuel is already actively used at many gas stations in Germany and Sweden. Also, biodiesel is often used in marine diesel installations, as from a biological point of view it is a practically harmless substance. Getting into the water biodiesel does not damage the flora and fauna of the seas and oceans.
To save energy while tightening the norms of maximum permissible emissions of harmful substances, the use of technical fat as a biofuel has also found wide application for power plants that produce electricity. Such fuel is a good alternative to traditional types of motor fuels, like gas or petroleum products.
CBT has the ability to process technical fat. We have achieved high rates in the field of cleaning in order to reduce the content of trace elements (potassium, calcium, sulfur and phosphorus), as well as reduce the acid number and remove moisture. This is confirmed by the results of research in European laboratories.